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What is Yank? Yank, The Army Weekly, was a magazine published during World War II for American military personnel serving around the world. It was pub­lished from 1942 to 1945. Head­quartered in New York but dis­tributed in various editions around the world, Yank was written mostly by servicemen. It featured a variety of articles covering every­thing from news from the home­front to first person accounts from the battle­front. The stories were richly illustrated with photo­graphs and drawings. Yank also included cartoons and photos of pin-up girls and Hollywood starlets.

What is (the unofficial) Yank Archive? This website is an attempt to preserve and make known some of the content of this important his­torical pub­lication. Our goal is to place searchable excerpts from Yank on the web for new generations to enjoy and for scholarly study by people with an interest in history.

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Oct 18th, 2011   Mar 28th, 1943
They Fight with Film
The military drafts Hollywood film makers to create films for soldiers.
 
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May 14th, 2011   Aug 22nd, 1943
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Advice to soldiers on what to expect if captured.

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Newsbite of the Week

 
 
Mar 27th, 1943:

Formation of the Army's first Negro cavalry division, with headquarters at Fort Clark, Tex., has been announced by the WD. The new Second Cavalry Division was developed from the Fourth Cavalry Brigade, composed of the Ninth and Tenth Cavalry regiments which were first organized in 1886.

The Fourth Cavalry Brigade fought in Mexico, Cuba, the Philippines, and against the Indians in Texas and Montana. There are two Negro infantry divisions, the 92nd and 93rd, besides an air force pursuit squadron which is ready for combat action.

In all, there are about 450,000 Negro soldiers in the Army. These include 60,000 G.I.s stationed overseas, of whom 25,000 are in the Pacific areas and 10,000 in North Africa.

There are also about 2,000 Negro commissioned officers in the Army.

 
 
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Article of the Week
 

From the issue dated Jan 23rd, 1943.

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Click here for a pdf of the article.


Meet the Sergeant from
Guadalcanal

Joe Melton's the kind of guy who whittles down the enemy with his mess kit knife. But that's only one of the stories he brought back from the Solomon Islands.

FROM AN AIR BASE IN THE SOUTH PACIFIC — Joe Melton, a solid master sergeant with a G.I. haircut and the most infectious grin you ever saw, lay stripped to his underwear.

Outside, a tropical rain pelted down on the pyramidal tent. Joe pushed aside his mosquito bar and offered beer all around. He didn't get up. Not that there was anything wrong with him; it was just siesta hour.

There was no opener at hand, so Joe took out his .45, pulled back the slide and flipped off the bottle caps with it.

Joe's from Texas, been in the Army 14 years, can get beer where most people can't find water.

Listening to Joe was wonderful. He reclined behind the mosquito netting like some sprawling pasha and told of his recent experiences on Guadalcanal, where he put in two months as radio man for an Army, fighter squadron.

There was that night the Jap battleship shelled them....

"Well, sir, I was asleep when the fust uns hit and just sort of instinctively I found myself out o' my bunk on my hands an' knees. Thought it was an explosion of some kind — maybe one of our own guns — but then there came four more.

Hell, I knew it weren't no explosion when dirt from them fust ones started fallin' on the tent, but when them next four hit I just zzzzzt! into that fox hole. I ain't sayin' I was fust, but I'll be damned if I was last."

Joe rocked back and forth and laughed at the recollection. He tries to make his stories sound as if he was scared to death, but one look at him and you can tell he doesn't scare very easily.

Then there was another time....

"This lieutenant come up to me on the beach and says, 'Joe, I got a radio out back there — let's go fix it.' I looks at the jeep he's drivin' and says, 'How far back?' and he says, 'Oh, just a little piece back — come on, let's go fix it.'

"So I got in with him and we started back toward the front and pretty soon I hear this tat-tat-tat-tat off in the trees somewhere and I says, 'What's that?' and he says, 'Oh, that might be one of our machine guns.' I says, 'Whatta you mean — it might be?' and he says, 'What's the matter, you scared?' I says, 'Well, I ain't sayin' I am but I'll be damned if I'm sayin' I ain't.'

"This lieutenant says, 'Well, it ain't but a little further on,' and just then came this tat-tat-tat right up close and he says, 'That's one of ours.' I tell him, 'Sir, I'm mighty proud it is,' and then we got to the place where the radio was.
Joe Reveals What the Fighting Is For

"About that time I hear something go 'boom,' and I look back and there's tree branches a-fallin' and dirt and stuff a-flyin'. Them Jap bastards had put a mortar shell in there and this lieutenant wantin' me to do a highly technical job under conditions like that!

"Well sir them boys was all standin' around and they musta thought I was a miracle man, because I put my hand right on the trouble. Just luck. I started to shake them little resisters to see if there was any loose connections and one of 'em came apart in my hand. Just burned up, that's all. So I fixed it and then I said to the boys, 'Where's them Japs?' and they pointed and said, 'Over there.' I says, 'How far?' and they said. 'Right over there.' I looked and couldn't see nothin', so I said, 'Let's go ...' ''

Joe had a Jap mess kit and canteen on the table, and he distributed some Jap street-car tickets to his audience.

"If the Japs didn't know before, they know now what the American Army's fightin' for — it's souvenirs. Up there, they'll shoot a Jap and he'll jump in the air. Before he hits the ground, the boys will be all over him, frisking him for souvenirs. Damndest bunch of boys you ever saw. One time the Japs tried a push and we mowed down a mess of 'em. Our boys was all over 'em before the last shot was fired.

"They find some funny things — American money sometimes, pictures and things the Japs had taken off other marines and soldiers. One boy even found a picture of Hedy Lamarr on a dead Jap.

"I was with a marine one time," Joe continued, "and he pointed off into the trees and said 'Let's go 'way back there.' I said, 'What's back there?' and he said, 'Japs.' I said, 'Dead or alive?' and he said, 'Well, some of 'em are dead.' I told him 'Let's wait'll they all die.' ''

Has Some Choice Souvenirs, Himself

Joe brought out his prize souvenirs — a Jap battle flag and an officer's saber. The flag was made of silk and was inscribed with Jap lettering running in radial lines from the big orange spot in the center. Joe said the letters were messages of good luck written by different people and sent out to the Jap soldiers. The flag was ripped in a score of places by fragments from an 81-mm mortar shell.

The officer's saber took the cake. It was a beautiful thing, delicately balanced and with a two-handed grip inlaid with seed pearls. The scabbard and the hilt showed fine metal work and the sword looked very old and very well kept. It was razor-sharp. The web belt that held the scabbard would gird a 27-inch waist.

Joe likes to tell how he got the sword.

"Why, I fought that Jap officer for eight hours and 15 minutes, and me with only a mess kit knife. Finally, I whittled him down, but I had to stop twice and sharpen my blade. He damned near got me once. If you don't believe it, lookit my head.

Joe's G. I. haircut is as beautiful as his gift of gab.


Photo associated with this article:

This Yank correspondent wrote about Sgt. Melton in a book.


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Comments:
Name: Bill
Date: May 19th, 2014

I can't find the search tool.
 
Name: anonymous
Date: Oct 11th, 2012

This is a fascinating article. Thanks.
 


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